Former finance minister Arun Jaitley, who passed away on Saturday at AIIMS, was treated for soft tissue sarcoma. Here’s all you need to know about this rare form of cancer, including the symptoms and treatment.

Arun Jaitley was treated for soft tissue sarcoma, a rare form of cancer

Arun Jaitley was treated for soft tissue sarcoma, a rare form of cancer

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Former Finance Minister Arun Jaitley passed away on Saturday, August 24, 2019, following prolonged illness at AIIMS in New Delhi
  • Jaitley, who had been unwell for the past two years, was also treated for soft tissue sarcoma, a rare form of cancer
  • Here’s all you need to know about soft tissue sarcoma, including the signs and symptoms, causes, and treatment, etc

New Delhi: Former finance minister Arun Jaitley passed away on Saturday afternoon, August 24, 2019, at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi. The 66-year-old BJP leader was admitted in AIIMS on August 9 after he complained of breathlessness and restlessness and was then treated by a multidisciplinary team of senior doctors. In January this year, Jaitley, who had been unwell for the past two years, was also treated in the US for soft tissue sarcoma, a rare form of cancer.

It may be noted that in 2018, the former union minister underwent a kidney transplant surgery, after which he was put under isolation. In 2014, Jaitley, who had been suffering from multiple conditions, including diabetes and high blood pressure, had bariatric surgery to reduce excess weight that he had gained because of diabetes. While we are mourning the loss of our leader, let us take a look at what exactly is a soft tissue sarcoma, including the signs and symptoms, causes, and treatment, etc.

What is a soft tissue sarcoma?

Arun Jaitley was treated for soft tissue sarcoma

According to the NHS inform, soft tissue sarcomas are a group of rare cancers that affect the tissues connecting, supporting and surrounding other body structures and organs. Tissues that can be affected by this type of cancer include fat, muscle, blood vessels, nerves, tendons and the lining of your joints.

There are many types of soft tissue sarcoma – based on the type of tissue they started in. And not all soft tissue tumours are cancerous, which means many benign tumours can be found in soft tissues. Soft tissue sarcomas can occur anywhere in your body and can be difficult to detect, because they may be mistaken for many other types of growths. In most cases,

What are the signs and symptoms of soft tissue sarcomas?

Generally, soft tissue sarcomas often have no obvious symptoms in the early stages. But as a tumour grows, it may cause the following symptoms –

  • A noticeable lump or swelling
  • Pain, if a tumour presses on nerves or muscles
  • Cancer near the stomach may result in abdominal pain, a persistent feeling of fullness and constipation
  • Cancer near the lungs may cause a cough or breathlessness

You must see a doctor if you notice a lump especially that’s getting bigger or becoming painless or a lump of any size that’s found deep within a muscle, as per Mayo Clinic.

What causes soft tissue sarcomas? How are they treated?

Doctors don’t exactly know what causes soft tissue sarcomas, but in most cases, cancer develops when cells multiply uncontrollably, forming growths called tumours. Other risk factors may include age, certain genetic conditions, previous radiotherapy, exposure to chemicals, etc.

A biopsy is the main way to diagnose these tumours. The most common treatment for soft tissue sarcomas is surgery. Other treatment options to remove a tumour include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. As per the NHS, unfortunately, a cure isn’t usually possible if a soft tissue sarcoma is only detected when it has already spread to other parts of the body, although treatment can help control the symptoms and slow the spread of cancer.

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